Hypertension Specialist

Francisco Martinez, MD

Internal Medicine & Aesthetics located in Chula Vista, CA

Hypertension, or high blood pressure, can cause a heart attack, stroke, or heart failure, but many adults don’t know they have it because it doesn’t usually cause symptoms. The skilled team at Francisco Martinez, MD, in Chula Vista, California, can diagnose hypertension and help you manage the condition so you can avoid serious health risks. If you’re concerned about high blood pressure, call the office today or make an appointment online.

Hypertension Q & A

What is hypertension?

Hypertension is a common condition in which the pressure of blood in your blood vessels is elevated beyond normal levels. Chronic hypertension can lead to complications that can impact long-term health and can even be life-threatening.

What causes hypertension?

Primary or essential hypertension develops in many adults as they age, without an obvious cause. An underlying health condition causes secondary hypertension. If you smoke, you’re African American, or you’re overweight, you have a higher risk of developing secondary hypertension. Risk levels increase for all adults as they age.

Some of the medical conditions associated with secondary hypertension include:

  • Kidney disease
  • Diabetes
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Adrenal cancer
  • Thyroid disease
  • Congenital birth defects

Some prescriptions medications and the abuse of alcohol and certain illegal drugs can also contribute to hypertension.

What are the health risks of hypertension?

Hypertension is known as the “silent killer” because it often has no symptoms or warning signs. Untreated high blood pressure is associated with severe health complications, including:

  • Heart attack
  • Heart failure
  • Kidney damage
  • Stroke
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Loss of vision
  • Aneurysm

Hypertension can cause impaired cognitive function, such as your ability think clearly, to understand complex ideas, and may affect your memory. There is also a link between high blood pressure and dementia.

How is hypertension diagnosed?

The caring providers at Francisco Martinez, MD, begin by taking a detailed health history and performing a comprehensive physical exam, which includes taking your blood pressure with an arm cuff. To diagnose chronic high blood pressure, your provider may ask you to return to the office several times to have your blood pressure taken so they can assess whether it remains elevated at most times.

Your provider may also recommend additional tests, such as blood work or a urine test, to check for complications caused by hypertension and any other underlying health conditions.

How is hypertension treated?

If you receive a hypertension diagnosis, your expert provider at Francisco Martinez, MD, works with you to design a treatment plan to meet your personal needs. They base your customized treatment plan on your lifestyle, your medical history, and other individual factors. It may include:

  • Routine in-office and/or at-home blood pressure monitoring
  • Cholesterol monitoring
  • Nutritional changes
  • Exercise programs
  • Weight loss program
  • Prescription medications

If you’re concerned about high blood pressure or you’re interested in the medical management of hypertension, call Francisco Martinez, MD, today, or book an appointment online.