Diabetes Specialist

Francisco Martinez, MD

Internal Medicine & Aesthetics located in Chula Vista, CA

If you have diabetes, you have an increased risk for health complications that can impact your quality of life and threaten your overall health. The compassionate team at Francisco Martinez, MD, in Chula Vista, California, provides attentive, personalized medical management of diabetes. Medical management of diabetes can help you avoid severe complications so you can continue to live a full life. To take control over your diabetes so it won’t control your life, call the office or make an appointment online.

Diabetes Q & A

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects the production and regulation of the hormone insulin. Your endocrine system produces insulin in your pancreas; its job in your body is to regulate blood glucose, also known as blood sugar or glucose.

Untreated diabetes can cause a variety of health conditions. In some cases, these complications can be life-threatening.

What are the different types of diabetes?

The three most common types of diabetes include:

  • Type 1 diabetes - an autoimmune disease in which the body doesn’t produce enough or any insulin
  • Type 2 diabetes - an acquired disease in which the body loses its ability to process insulin correctly
  • Gestational diabetes - occurs during pregnancy and may put the developing fetus at risk for complications

Type 1 diabetes is often diagnosed in childhood, but may also develop in adults. Type 2 diabetes is primarily associated with obesity and a sedentary lifestyle. Gestational diabetes typically resolves after pregnancy but could put you at risk for type 2 diabetes later in life.

What are the symptoms of diabetes?

Type 1 and type 2 diabetes both cause excess glucose levels in your bloodstream. For this reason, both types share many symptoms and health risks.

The most common symptoms of diabetes include:

  • Increased thirst and/or hunger
  • Dry mouth
  • Blurry vision
  • Increased urination
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Numbness or pain in the legs or feet
  • Slow wound healing

Because gestational diabetes typically has no symptoms, you should have a screening for the condition between 24-28 weeks of your pregnancy.

What are the health risks of diabetes?

Excess blood glucose can cause serious health complications, including:

  • Diabetic eye disease
  • Heart disease
  • Kidney disease
  • Nerve damage
  • Digestive disorders
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Oral health complications

Diabetes is also responsible for nerve damage that causes several problems in the feet, such as loss of sensation, ulcers, and other wounds that don’t heal.

How is diabetes treated?

There is no cure for diabetes, but controlling it is possible. If you have diabetes, the experts at Francisco Martinez, MD, can help alleviate your symptoms and restore your quality of life with a customized treatment plan to manage the disease.

People with type 1 diabetes require insulin therapy to manage their condition.

If you have type 2 diabetes, your personal treatment plan may include:

  • Insulin therapy
  • Ongoing blood glucose monitoring
  • Nutritional counseling
  • Exercise programs
  • Prescription medications

Lifestyle changes, especially those that promote weight loss, can be the most beneficial part of treatment for people with type 2 diabetes or prediabetes.

To learn more about how diabetes management can restore your health and vitality, call Francisco Martinez, MD, today, or make an appointment online.